Killing Sites

Rakovica

 

Timeline

  • 1941 - Wehrmacht uses a quarry located about 150 meters from the monastery as a shooting range for about ten days
  • 14 October 1941 - the German troops shoot about 400 Jews brought from the Topovske supe camp in groups
  • April 1944 - special units carry out the exhumation and incineration of the bodies. The remains are thrown into the Sava river.

 

 

The location of the monastery in Rakovica in the vicinity Belgrade was well known to the German authorities, and this may partly explain why they chose it as the shooting site. In the first months of the occupation, and perhaps later, the ammunition storage and the powder magazine of the German army were located in the monastery grounds. Also, during this period, the Wehrmacht was using the quarry near the monastery as a shooting range for about ten days.

According to the available testimonies, on 14 October 1941 at a place called Zelenjak, 150 meters from the quarry and 300 from the monastery, some 400 Jews brought from the Topovske supe camp were shot there.

On that day, around 6 am, a truck drove to Zelenjak. About 30 or 40 German soldiers unloaded shovels and spades, as well as crates of ammunition from it, after which they were deployed around the city blocking access from all sides. A few hours later, the shooting of groups of hostages started proceeded until the afternoon hours.
In April 1944, the special units that had the task to wipe out the traces of shootings committed in Serbia came to Rakovica, dug and incinerated the bodies of those killed. Their remains were thrown into the Sava river, as was also the case with those killed in Jajinci.

Eyewitnesses described the shooting and the digging up of the bodies in detail to the Yugoslav authorities who were investigating the crimes of the occupiers and their supporters after the war.

The execution site is not marked.

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