Killing Sites

Novi Sad

 

Timeline

  • 4 January 1942 - after detecting and breaking up a partisan detachment, the Hungarian army and gendarmerie shoot around 900 people in Curug
  • 21 to 23 January 1942 - after shootings in other places, the Hungarian army and gendarmerie carry out shootings in Novi Sad, killing about 1,250, people, mostly Serbs and Jews
  • 1971 - a monument dedicated to the victims unveiled at the site of mass shootings at the Strand beach

 

 

The City of Novi Sad was the Hungarian occupation zone hub in Backa during World War II. In January 1942, the city and several surrounding villages were the theatre of a series of massacres known as The Raid.

On 4 January 1942, the Hungarian occupation authorities found and dismantled a partisan group near the village of Zabalj. It was an expected motive for the already planned reprisals against civilians. On the same day, the army and gendarmerie killed about 900 people in the village of Curug, almost all Serbs and about 40 Jews, and threw many of the bodies into the frozen Tisa river. Similar events happened in the villages of Zabalj, Gospodjinci, Djurdjevo, Titel, Mosorin and in other places. By 7 January, about 1,100 men, women and children were killed. The vast majority among them were Serbs, but there were also about 100 Jews and about 50 Roma.

Between 21 and 23 January, parts of Novi Sad were sealed off. Under the pretext of a raid intended to discover the partisans in hiding, the Hungarian army and gendarmerie began to shoot civilians on the streets themselves. Still, most of those arrested were transferred by truck to the Strand, the city beach on the banks of the Danube river. The victims were arranged in a column and shot one by one. Their bodies were thrown into the frozen Danube. About 1,250 people were killed during those three days, of whom about 800 Jews and 400 Serbs.

Upon completion of the massacre in Novi Sad, the shootings were carried out in Becej and Srbobran, where roughly another 100 Serbs and 110 Jews were killed by 30 January.

According to the available (not final) data, 3,809 civilians were killed in this raid, of whom 1,965 adult men, 927 women, 477 children and 440 elderly men and women. Among them were 2,578 Serbs, 1,068 Jews, 64 Roma, and there were also some Hungarians, Rusyns and Russians.

There is a monument at the Strand in front of which the official commemoration is held every year in the presence of top state officials, representatives of the Jewish and Roma communities, the Serbian Orthodox church and numerous citizens.