Killing Sites

Jabuka

 

Timeline

  • October-November 1941- the German units carried out mass shootings of mainly Jews from Banat and Belgrade, as well as of Roma from Belgrade. It is estimated that at least 2,000 Jews and 1,000 Roma were killed there
  • 1944 – in the campaign of incineration of corpses from mass graves in Serbia and Eastern Europe, groups of several dozen Jews, Roma and prisoners of war (mainly Russians and Italians) were forced to carry out the exhumation and incineration of victims killed in Jabuka
  • 1981 - a memorial was set up in which commemorations are held in memory of all the victims killed in Jabuka and the whole Banat on important dates

 

 

On the road between Pancevo and Jabuka there is a killing site in which, according to estimates, around 10,000 people were shot during World War II. Many of them were Jewish and Roma men from Belgrade brought from the Topovske supe camp whom the German troops shot in the autumn of 1941.

The first shooting most likely took place in late October 1941, as witnessed by the report of Lieutenant Walter who commanded the action, in which, among other things, he says that "the place where the executions were carried out is very convenient. It lies north of Pancevo and right next to the Pancevo-Jabuka road, along the slope which is so high that climbing it requires considerable exertion. Across the slope there are marshlands and behind them a river. When the water was high (29/10) it would almost reach the slope. The prisoners could therefore be prevented from escaping using very few men."

There are several testimonies from eyewitnesses and locals as to the mass executions carried out in Jabuka. In 1944 the German troops ordered the exhumation of the corpses and their incineration.

After the war, a monument was erected on the site in which the executions had taken place. In 1981, a memorial park was organised, designed as a central spot for holding commemoration ceremonies dedicated to the fascist terror in Banat. Today the memorial is in a pretty bad shape. However, the commemoration of the Day of Remembrance of the Roma victims during World War II takes place there every 16 December.

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